If anyone has a little information about basics of poultry farming then he/she must have realized that poultry shed environment and the whole premises is way more hygienic and sophisticated and cleanliness have the utmost value in the whole process of farming and the reason behind it to just rear the healthy and clean birds which in turn are able to provide safe meat for consumption which is a key to removing the malnutrition and protein deficiency.

There are rules and regulations for each small and large activities in a poultry farm that would ultimately ensure bio-security. Starting from construction design and the factors like distance from population and other poultry houses and the breeder houses and hatcheries are kept well in mind to avoid any possible outbreak. Safety of meat is no doubt the top priority. Like there must be an aerial distance of 1km from one poultry house to the next one.

Then all-in all-out procedure is adopted only the authorized and screened people are allowed to enter the territory and a few are only allowed to enter the area where birds are being reared and they must have to take bath first and have to wear the autoclaved clothes only. No visitors are allowed and the workers and staff are not allowed to go outside without any great urgency and dips have anti- septics water are present at the entry for vehicles.

I have tried to explain it in a little classification below please have a look.

Conceptual Biosecurity:

This primary level of biosecurity revolves around the location of animal facilities and their various components. The most effective way to limit risk is physical isolation, making this a primary consideration when siting new confinement facilities or farms. Facilities/farms should not be located next to public roads, especially when the area has a high density of animal facilities. Similar isolation methods include limiting the use of common vehicles and facilities, limiting access by personnel not directly involved with the operation, and controlling the spread of disease by vermin, wild animals, and wind.

Structural Biosecurity:

This secondary level of biosecurity deals with physical factors such as farm layout, perimeter fencing, drainage, number/location of changing rooms, and housing design. Long-range planning and programming is important and should consider on-site movement of vehicles, equipment, and animals; traffic patterns; and feed delivery/storage.

Procedural Biosecurity:

This tertiary level deals with routine procedures to prevent introduction (bio exclusion) and spread (biocontainment) of infection within a facility. These activities should be constantly reviewed and quickly adjusted as needed in response to emergencies.

  • Biosecurity in a broader sense encompasses isolation, traffic control sanitation, vaccination, serological monitoring of diseases and air quality etc. which will aid in prevent the entry and control the pathogens in and around the farm.

Biosecurity is the cheapest and at the same time most effective means of disease control available without, which no disease prevention programme will work well.

Biosecurity is a defensive health plan and hygienic procedure that can help to keep your farm disease free.

Biosecurity is therefore is one of the integrated part of farm operations.

This also involves the disposal of dead birds which can be a great threat for meat safety and compost making is its future.

This all procedure is being adopted so that we must ensure the meat quality, quantity and safety as well and as in islam cleanliness have pivotal role and we believe that we must try our level best for general public health and food safety and in it how much we are successful please let me know by mailing me at the e-mail address below.

For any queries Contact:

Dr. Wahaj Ahmed

DVM from UVAS, Lahore main Campus.

(Your suggestions and criticism are always well awaited)