Poultry Feed ingredients – Don’t get confused.
Do you know what are the poultry feed ingredients
Feed is one of the most centered topic which is often used by negative forces to confuse the general public and as a matter of fact all information prevailing in public is false and public are being misled by people who are envoy of poultry industry growth and especially want to see the general public in protein deficiency and want to create a mal nourished society and want to promote less immune society and happy in just creating havoc.
They have no proof at all but we have as we are doing just the things which are in best interest of a common man.
So, today I would like to show the ingredients which are used in feed preparation and I would let you decide that are those ingredients are harmful or not for you? But let me know about your opinions on the email at the end of the article.
Feed ingredients are for poultry diets are selected for the nutrients they can provide, the absence of toxic factors, their effect on voluntary feed intake, and their cost. The key nutrients that need to be supplied by the dietary ingredients are amino acids contained in proteins, vitamins and minerals. All life functions also require energy, obtained from starches, lipids and proteins.
Feed ingredients are broadly classified into cereal grains, protein meals, fats and oils, minerals, feed additives, and miscellaneous raw materials, such as roots and tubers. These will be discussed in separate headings below.
The term “cereal gains” includes cereal grains and cereal by-products. Cereal grains are used mainly to satisfy the energy requirement of poultry. The dominant feed grain is corn. Sorghum, Barley, Rye,Oats and wheat can also be used depending upon the current market situation.
In addition to the cereals themselves, their by-products, such as wheat bran, rice bran are used widely in poultry feed.
Protein is provided from mainly vegetable sources, such as Soybean meal , Canola meal linseed meals, legumes and other meals and cakes are avoided.
Vegetable protein sources usually come as meal or cake, the by-product of oilseed crops. The main oilseed crops include soybean, rapeseed/canola, sunflower, palm kernel, copra, linseed peanut and sesame seed. After the oil is extracted, the remaining residue is used as feed ingredient. Oilseed meals make up 20-30% of a poultry diet. Inclusion levels may vary.
Fats and oils:
Fats and oils, collectedly termed lipids, are regularly used in poultry feed to satisfy the energy need of the animal as lipids have more than twice the amount of energy(ME) compared with carbohydrates or proteins per kg weight. Lipids are also an important carrier for fat soluble vitamins (A, D, E, and K) as wells for the provision of an essential fatty acid, linoleic acid, in the diet. A variety of fats and oils are used in feed, including lipids of animal origins (usually fats, i.e., tallow, lard, except fish oil) and lipids of vegetable origin (usually oils, i.e., soy oil, canola/rapeseed oil, sunflower oil, linseed oil, palm oil, cottonseed oil).
In practical feed formulation, the level of lipids rarely exceeds 4% in compound feed.
Minerals and vitamins:
Minerals are vital for normal growth and development in poultry, such as bone formation and body processes such as enzyme activation.
Similarly, vitamins are essential for the body systems of poultry. Both fat soluble (A, D, E, K) and water soluble (biotin, choline, folic acid, niacin, riboflavin, thiamine, pyridoxine, pantothenic acid and B12) are needed in the diet to maintain proper health and wellbeing of poultry.
Some vitamins and minerals are provided by most ingredients but the requirements for vitamins and minerals are generally met through premixes added to the diet. Diets may also contain additives for specific purposes.
Pre and pro-biotics are also added for gut growth.
The feed manufacturing steps include processes that ensure the elimination of 99% pathogens.
For any queries Contact:
Dr. Wahaj Ahmed
DVM from UVAS, Lahore main Campus.
(Your suggestions and criticism are always well awaited)